20 Facts About Angola


Nestled on Africa’s west coast is the thriving country of Angola. It earned its independence from Portugal in 1975, and endured a 27-year long civil war that ended in 2002. The oil and diamond-rich country is currently undergoing a dramatic rebirth from decades of turmoil, finally achieving peace for its 32 million residents. Want to know more? Keep on reading to learn 20 facts about Angola.

Fact 1: Angola, officially known as the Republic of Angola, is a west-coast country of south-central Africa

  • It’s the seventh-largest country on the African continent and is bordered by Namibia to the south, Congo to the north, Zambia to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.  

Fact 2: Angola has served as a home to a wide variety of ethnic groups, tribes, and kingdoms since the Paleolithic Era. 

  • In the 16th century, the nation-state of Angola originated from Portuguese colonisation, which initially began with coastal settlements and trading posts.

Fact 3: Luanda, the capital of Angola, is a port city on the west coast of Southern Africa.

  • The city has over 2.5 million inhabitants.

Fact 4: Angola has a growing economy. 

  • This is largely down to many new infrastructures being build and new transport policies. 

Fact 5: The country is blessed with an abundance of natural resources. 

  • The country is awash with natural resources such as phosphates, iron ore, diamonds, petroleum, bauxite, uranium, feldspar and petroleum. In fact, it’s the second-largest producer of oil and diamonds in sub-Saharan Africa.  

Fact 6: Angola achieved independence from Portugal in 1975.

  • The one-party state Marxist–Leninist People’s Republic of Angola was backed by the Soviet Union and Cuba. 

Fact 7: The country endured a 27-year long civil war which ended in 2002. 

  • The civil war between the ruling People’s Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) and the insurgent anti-communist National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), supported by the United States and South Africa, lasted until 2002.  

Fact 8: Angola is a highly multiethnic country that features a rich culture and heritage. 

  • Angolan culture reflects centuries of Portuguese rule reflected in the predominance of the Portuguese language and of the Catholic Church.

Fact 9: In 1484, the Portuguese explorer Diogo Cão set foot in the African country. 

  • The Portuguese established their primary early trading post at Soyo, which is now the northernmost city in Angola apart from the Cabinda exclave.

Fact 10: Luanda is also known as the “Paris of Africa”.

  • Luanda’s few well-known hotels cost around $500 per night. But thanks to recent hotel openings and under-the-radar bed and breakfasts, prices are becoming more competitive.  

Fact 11: Angola is twice the size of the state of Texas.

  • The African country covers an area of 481,354 square miles, making it the world’s 23rd largest country and the seventh-largest country in Africa.

Fact 12: The Angolan national flag was designed with the Soviet Union flag in mind.

  • Angola’s flag features a gold cogwheel and machete, which were fashioned after the hammer and sickle on the Soviet Union’s flag.

Fact 13: In 1972, Sarah Maldoror’s “Sambizanga” won the “Tanit d’Or” which is the Carthage Film Festival’s highest prize. 

  • The film was one of the country’s first feature films. The film centres on a man who is wrongfully arrested and tortured to death after he is suspected of being part of a revolutionary group.

Fact 14: Angola’s most popular sport is basketball.

  • The country’s national team has won the AfroBasket 11 times and holds the record for most titles. 

Fact 15: It’s illegal in Angola to take photographs of Government buildings, and military sites. 

  • You could be fined, have your photographic equipment confiscated, risk detention, and arrest for doing so.  

Fact 16: It’s more tropical in Angola’s northern region, and more arid in the country’s southern region. 

  • The rainy season in the north usually lasts from November to April. The south gets scattered rains twice a year, from March to July and October to November.

Fact 17: Citizens under the age of 24 make up nearly 70% of the country’s population. 

  • Moreover, only about 70% of the population is literate, and the rate drops to around 60% for women. Despite the country’s rapid post-war economic growth, based on oil production, more than 40% of Angolans live below the poverty line and unemployment is widespread. 

Fact 18: Iona National Park is the largest national park in Angola. 

  • Because of its distinctive habitat and climate, Iona, and the Kaokoveld Desert, have a number of endemic animals, particularly reptiles. Of the 63 species recorded in the ecoregion, 8 are strictly endemic, including 2 lizards, 3 geckos, and 3 skinks.

Fact 19: Angola holds the record for having the highest death rate in the world. 

  • In fact, according to 2011 statistics, for every 1000 people, there were 23.4 deaths a year. 

Fact 20: The earliest inhabitants of Angola were nomadic Khoi and San ethnic groups.

  • These groups relied heavily on hunting and gathering for survival.

References:

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